The Hanukah, called the "Feast of Lights" is a Jewish holiday that is celebrated for eight days, and which commemorates the defeat of the Greeks and the regaining of independence of the Jewish by the hands of the Maccabees over the Greeks, and the subsequent purification of the Temple in Jerusalem and of pagan icons in the second century A.C.

Jewish tradition speaks of a miracle, which could ignite the candlestick of the Temple for eight consecutive days with a tiny amount of oil. This gave rise to the main custom of the feast, which is the lighting, progressively, a nine-branched candelabrum called januquiá.

Historical origin

The holiday of Hanukah is from the time of Hellenic hegemony in Israel, which began with the conquest of Alexander the year 332 A.C., as written in the biblical books I and II of Maccabees, though not referred to it in the Tanakh Hebrew. A group of Jews known as the Maccabees (as their leader was Judah Maccabee ), from the area of Modi'in , began to revolt against the Greeks soldiers, refusing to carry out acts that went against their own religion. They had a hard fight, and were a minority against the Greek army, but their strategy, determination and faith led them to the miracle of Hanukah: a few winning against many.

The Feast of Winter

The Talmud and the Midrash Rabbah also suggest another source for the holiday. According to these sources, Hanukkah is a manifestation of the festival of winter solstice, which is when the days shorten. The Talmud tells the stories of Adam, the first man, who was put in the sun for the first time in his life and panicked, and connect this story with the winter solstice festival.

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