The synagogue is the place of faithful Jews and the place of worship and study of the oldest monotheistic religions. The synagogue is a meeting in ancient Judaism . Although they have little data about the origin of the first synagogues, it is thought that they date back to ancient Babylon in the sixth century, shortly after Judah, the southern tribe-nation was deported by Nebuchadnezzar after his conquest of Jerusalem in the year 587 A.C. and destruction of the Temple.


The number of synagogues grew to establish a public reading of the Torah. In 70 at the time of being besieged and destroyed by the legions of Titus, Jerusalem had about 400 synagogues. These houses of assembly were not specially constructed as worship buildings, a local simply served as a meeting place, but there were also large buildings for this purpose.

These ancient synagogues were administered by a notable or a council of three remarkable. The explanation of the sacred text was reserved for a rabbi or a faithful versed in the knowledge of the Mosaic Law (ie, transmitted by Moses ). Synagogues are generally oriented toward Jerusalem. In the background is a closet or tabernacle, the holy ark ( hejal in Sephardic or Aron HaKodesh in Ashkenazi ), which contains the scrolls of the law ( Torah ).


Before the tabernacle hanged a lamp constantly burning in remembrance of the eternal light (Ner Tamid) shining in the Jerusalem Temple. A candle, evokes the famous candelabrum (menorah) of the Temple. A table desk, placed on a platform, serves as the altar on the reading the Torah. In Sephardic synagogues, it is there for the officiant. In the Ashkenazi synagogues, the officiant stands on an easel in front of the chest or side of it which is called " Amud ".

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